Hyperhidrosis is a condition that causes a person to sweat excessively. It is estimated that 2 to 3 percent of the American population has this condition. The soles, palms and underarms are the areas where people often sweat profusely. Underarm sweating typically begins during adolescence. However, a person may develop sweaty palms and soles earlier in life.
It is normal to sweat when you exert yourself. It is also normal to sweat when it is hot outside. However, people who have hyperhidrosis sweat a lot more than the average person. If you have at least one episode per week where you sweat profusely, then you likely have hyperhidrosis. If you notice any of the following, then you will need to consult with your doctor.
- The sweating causes disruption in your daily life.
- You sweat for no reason.
- You have noticed an increase in the amount that you sweat.
- You sweat at night for no reason.
Causes of Hyperhidrosis
Sweating is a natural method that your body uses in order to cool itself. In many cases, the cause of hyperhidrosis cannot be identified. It often occurs when the nerve cells that send signals to the sweat glands become overactive. This condition can sometimes run in families. Additionally, hyperhidrosis may be a sign of an underlying condition such as the following.
- Thyroid problems
- Low blood sugar
- Certain types of cancer
- Nervous system disorders
- Heart problems
Treatments for Hyperhidrosis
Over-the-counter antiperspirants typically have aluminum or aluminum chloride. Antiperspirants with aluminium chloride are typically stronger.
If over-the-counter antiperspirants do not work, then you may need a prescription one. Prescription-strength antiperspirants have aluminum chloride hexahydrate.
Oral medications, which are known as antichlorigenics, can reduce sweating.
Botox is a FDA-approved treatment that can be used to reduce underarm sweating. It involves injecting the botulium toxin A into the area.
Lasers can be used to destroy the sweat glands in the underarms.
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Miradry is a treatment that uses microwave energy to destroy the sweat glands.
Surgery is typically recommended as a last resort. Doctors can surgically remove the sweat glands.
It is important to have hyperhidrosis treated as soon as possible. If this condition is not treated, then it can lead to complications. People who have hyperhidrosis are more likely to develop infections. It can also have social and emotional effects.
People who have hyperhidrosis may be embarrassed about their clammy hands and sweat-soaked clothes. This can cause them to avoid to avoid social situations. They may also have problems at work and school.